History of Rubik’s Game and Types
Rubik is a mechanical puzzle game that was discovered in 1974 by Professor Erno Rubik, an architect, and sculptor from Hungary.
This game was named the inventor’s magic cube. Because it has been selling in his own country, in 1980, this game began to be sold to happy parts of the world and changed its name to “Rubik’s cube.”
From there, Rubik became trending internationally. Everyone wants to have it, both among children and adults. This game becomes trending because the concept is simple and elegant, but difficult to solve. Counted more than 100 million Rubik was sold until 1982. And Professor Erno Rubik became among the wealthy communists from his income, or commonly called the red millionaire.
Because of its popularity, competition for the local competition was held to compete in solving the Rubik. Until its peak, in 1982 the Rubik’s Cube World Championship was held for the first time in Budapest. This championship was won by a 16-year-old Vietnamese student from Los Angeles, Minh Thai, with a time list of 22.95 seconds
Public interest in Rubik began to fade in 1990. People began to get annoyed when they started to work on completing it because the current information was very minimal. However, since the spread of the internet, the game of Rubik has not been much loved anymore.
In the year 2000, instructions for using Rubik have not been found on the internet. Rubik fever also hit the world for the second time. Until its end in 2003, the second time Rubik’s World Championship was held in Canada.
Until now, the world’s interest in this Rubik game is growing at its fastest. Info from Wikipedia recites that until now it has sold more than 300 million more Rubik in all the world. The amount is not yet classified from its immunity.
That was a glimpse of the original origin of the game you know by the name “RUBIK.”
Various Kinds of Rubik
Since Professor Erno Rubik discovered it in 1974, the development of Rubik in all the world has also become rapid. Not many of them did not end up developing the format of Rubik, which was only 3x3x3 in size.
The following are some kinds of Rubik found in the world today.
- Standard Cube
Standard Cube is also commonly known by the name Rubik’s Cube to fit its inventor Erno Rubik. Standard Cube is a Rubik with an ancient model and very popular until now. The Standard Cube has a standard size of 5.6cm³. This standard cube has a 3x3x3 format. This Standard Cube is essential learning before playing other types of Rubik. This Standard Cube has many kinds that are designed to fit your needs.
- Professors Cube
This cube professor has a 5x5x5 format. Udo Krell coins it. This Rubik is similar to Standard Rubik (3x3x3) because it has centerpieces. The difference is only in the level of difficulty because the number of cuts is more. The standard size of this Rubik is 7cm³.
- V-cube 6
V-cube 6 is a 6x6x6 Rubik type. Panagiotis Verdes made this Rubik. The total number of pieces in this Rubik amounts to 152 pieces if separated. And the standard size of this Rubik is 6.9 cm³.
- V-cube 7
V-cube 7 is the development of V-cube 6. Panagiotis Verdes not only adds the number of pieces but also changes the format of Rubik to the point that it looks more prominent. The standard size for this Rubik is 7.2 cm³.
- Pocket Cube (2x2x2)
At the age of its name, this Rubik is small in size. This Pocket Cube can also be called the Mini Cube. The shape of this Rubik is 2x2x2. Because it’s simple, this Rubik has a low level of obstacles compared to other rubrics. Erik Akkerdijsk holds the fastest record for completing this Rubik with the achievement of not enough time of one second.
- Fisher’s Cube
Fisher’s Cube is a development of the Standard Cube. Coined by Tony Fisher. The settlement method is similar to the 3x3x3 Rubik, except that the Fisher’s Cube can be rotated diagonally.
- Void Cube
Void Cube is also a development of the Standard Cube. Created by Katsuhiko Okamoto. The most obvious difference from this void cube is the hollow and translucent center part of the center tile element. Then automatically, this Rubik solution will be increasingly difficult.
- Square Cube
Cartel and Kopsky made this square cube. This Rubik has a genuinely unique mechanism. The format of this Rubik will change if you shuffle it. This Rubik has many developments like Square 1, Super Square 2, Square 2.
- Mirror Cube
Mirror Cube is also a development of the Standard Cube. When randomized, this Rubik will form a good field. The Rubik’s solution method is not according to color but from the form.
Skewb is one of the popular Rubik variants because of its uniqueness. Tony Durham made this Rubik. Options and modifications of this Rubik are classified as many. As developed by Katsuhiko Okamoto there are Skewb Masters, Dino Skewb Masters, Windmill Cube and Helicopter Cube.
- Floppy Cube
Floppy Cube is a 1x3x3 Rubik format. Katsuhiko Okamoto made this Rubik. And produced by the company Gentosha Toys. Floppy Cube is also not a little experienced development. Among them are the Domino Cube, Slim Tower, Phantom Cube, and Grown Tower.
- Pyramid Cube
Pyramid Cube has a pyramid atsu pyramid format. Coined by Uwe Meffert. The development of this type of Rubik was quite a lot. Like Piraminx, Master Piraminx, Pyramorphix, and Pyramorphix masters.
- Ultimate Cube
This Rubik has a very high level of obstacles. Coined by Tony Fisher. The Ultimate Cube mechanism is the same as Skewb, which has 12 color sides. The development of this Rubik is the difference between Teraminx, Gigaminx, Flowerminx, Pyraminx Cristal, Holeymegaminx, Megaminx, and Ultimate Skewb.