History of Rubik’s Game and Types

July 18, 2019 Nicole 0

Rubik is a mechanical puzzle game that was discovered in 1974 by Professor Erno Rubik, an architect, and sculptor from Hungary.

This game was named the inventor’s magic cube. Because it has been selling in his own country, in 1980, this game began to be sold to happy parts of the world and changed its name to “Rubik’s cube.”

From there, Rubik became trending internationally. Everyone wants to have it, both among children and adults. This game becomes trending because the concept is simple and elegant, but difficult to solve. Counted more than 100 million Rubik was sold until 1982. And Professor Erno Rubik became among the wealthy communists from his income, or commonly called the red millionaire.

Because of its popularity, competition for the local competition was held to compete in solving the Rubik. Until its peak, in 1982 the Rubik’s Cube World Championship was held for the first time in Budapest. This championship was won by a 16-year-old Vietnamese student from Los Angeles, Minh Thai, with a time list of 22.95 seconds
Public interest in Rubik began to fade in 1990. People began to get annoyed when they started to work on completing it because the current information was very minimal. However, since the spread of the internet, the game of Rubik has not been much loved anymore.

In the year 2000, instructions for using Rubik have not been found on the internet. Rubik fever also hit the world for the second time. Until its end in 2003, the second time Rubik’s World Championship was held in Canada.

Until now, the world’s interest in this Rubik game is growing at its fastest. Info from Wikipedia recites that until now it has sold more than 300 million more Rubik in all the world. The amount is not yet classified from its immunity.
That was a glimpse of the original origin of the game you know by the name “RUBIK.”

Various Kinds of Rubik

Since Professor Erno Rubik discovered it in 1974, the development of Rubik in all the world has also become rapid. Not many of them did not end up developing the format of Rubik, which was only 3x3x3 in size.
The following are some kinds of Rubik found in the world today.

  • Standard Cube

Standard Cube is also commonly known by the name Rubik’s Cube to fit its inventor Erno Rubik. Standard Cube is a Rubik with an ancient model and very popular until now. The Standard Cube has a standard size of 5.6cm³. This standard cube has a 3x3x3 format. This Standard Cube is essential learning before playing other types of Rubik. This Standard Cube has many kinds that are designed to fit your needs.

  • Professors Cube

This cube professor has a 5x5x5 format. Udo Krell coins it. This Rubik is similar to Standard Rubik (3x3x3) because it has centerpieces. The difference is only in the level of difficulty because the number of cuts is more. The standard size of this Rubik is 7cm³.

  • V-cube 6

V-cube 6 is a 6x6x6 Rubik type. Panagiotis Verdes made this Rubik. The total number of pieces in this Rubik amounts to 152 pieces if separated. And the standard size of this Rubik is 6.9 cm³.

  • V-cube 7

V-cube 7 is the development of V-cube 6. Panagiotis Verdes not only adds the number of pieces but also changes the format of Rubik to the point that it looks more prominent. The standard size for this Rubik is 7.2 cm³.

  • Pocket Cube (2x2x2)

At the age of its name, this Rubik is small in size. This Pocket Cube can also be called the Mini Cube. The shape of this Rubik is 2x2x2. Because it’s simple, this Rubik has a low level of obstacles compared to other rubrics. Erik Akkerdijsk holds the fastest record for completing this Rubik with the achievement of not enough time of one second.

  • Fisher’s Cube

Fisher’s Cube is a development of the Standard Cube. Coined by Tony Fisher. The settlement method is similar to the 3x3x3 Rubik, except that the Fisher’s Cube can be rotated diagonally.

  • Void Cube

Void Cube is also a development of the Standard Cube. Created by Katsuhiko Okamoto. The most obvious difference from this void cube is the hollow and translucent center part of the center tile element. Then automatically, this Rubik solution will be increasingly difficult.

  • Square Cube

Cartel and Kopsky made this square cube. This Rubik has a genuinely unique mechanism. The format of this Rubik will change if you shuffle it. This Rubik has many developments like Square 1, Super Square 2, Square 2.

  • Mirror Cube

Mirror Cube is also a development of the Standard Cube. When randomized, this Rubik will form a good field. The Rubik’s solution method is not according to color but from the form.

  • Skewb

Skewb is one of the popular Rubik variants because of its uniqueness. Tony Durham made this Rubik. Options and modifications of this Rubik are classified as many. As developed by Katsuhiko Okamoto there are Skewb Masters, Dino Skewb Masters, Windmill Cube and Helicopter Cube.

  • Floppy Cube

Floppy Cube is a 1x3x3 Rubik format. Katsuhiko Okamoto made this Rubik. And produced by the company Gentosha Toys. Floppy Cube is also not a little experienced development. Among them are the Domino Cube, Slim Tower, Phantom Cube, and Grown Tower.

  • Pyramid Cube

Pyramid Cube has a pyramid atsu pyramid format. Coined by Uwe Meffert. The development of this type of Rubik was quite a lot. Like Piraminx, Master Piraminx, Pyramorphix, and Pyramorphix masters.

  • Ultimate Cube

This Rubik has a very high level of obstacles. Coined by Tony Fisher. The Ultimate Cube mechanism is the same as Skewb, which has 12 color sides. The development of this Rubik is the difference between Teraminx, Gigaminx, Flowerminx, Pyraminx Cristal, Holeymegaminx, Megaminx, and Ultimate Skewb.

Tips for Playing Sudoku Quickly and Correctly

June 16, 2019 Nicole 0

Sudoku games are similar to newspaper crosswords that are published every Sunday.

The difference is if the crossword box filled with letters. While the sudoku game filled with numbers.

Sudoku consists of several box sizes. The largest box size is the size of 9 x 9. This means that sudoku consists of 9 columns, nine rows, 81 small squares, and 9 area squares. Each 3 x 3 area box (3 rows and three columns)

The column is the part of the box with upward direction. While the row is part of the horizontal direction of the box. In playing sudoku games, numbers will be provided in the sudoku boxes. There are 30 small boxes that already contain numbers. In the picture above the numbers in bold are the numbers that are already available. Whereas not bolded are the numbers that are sought. The numbers on the boxes must be filled in by the player by taking into account some of the rules that apply to sudoku games. In the following, I will describe some of the rules in sudoku games.

Rules for playing Sudoku:

  1. The line must be filled with numbers from 1-9, and there must not be multiple numbers in a row.
  2. In the same column, it must be filled with numbers starting from 1-9, and there should not be twin numbers in one column.
  3. In each section of the 3 x 3 area box containing nine small boxes. The little box must be filled with numbers 1-9, and the condition must not be repeated numbers in each area box.

Tips on playing Sudoku:

  1. Look for triple (three) the same number and appear simultaneously. Each number can go horizontally and upright. The point should not be filled in the same number in the horizontal and upright area. For example: see figure 1, in the number 2 on the left the direction goes left and right horizontally in red. And the number 2 on the lower right goes upright down and up in red. Of the three numbers, it will penetrate the 3 x 3 area in the upper right corner. So that number 2 can be filled in a small green box. The box not exposed to red.
  2. Number 2 on rows 4 and 6 If you go horizontally, you will line row 5. So you can fill in the small green box 5 row 5 with number 2.
  3. In the 9th column, there is a little blue box that has not filled. After noticing, it turns out that the number from 1-9 that does not exist in the column is number 8. So that the small box must be filled with number 8.
  4. There is a location in the lower right corner with a size of 3×3. In the small red column do not fill in the number 9. Because in the 9th column there is already a number 9. So the number 9 can be filled in a small green box. While the small red box is filled with numbers that are not yet present in that area, which is number 5.

Those are many tips that I can share and hopefully can be an overall summary of sudoku playing techniques quickly and correctly.

The Origin and History of Puzzles that You Must Know

May 20, 2019 Nicole 0

Usually, when you’re too late or bored, most people will choose to let go of boredom by playing games.

Now, in addition to spending free time and also eliminate boredom, it turns out there is also a game that provides a positive impact to make us smarter.  As one of the puzzle games that will be discussed in this article.

Puzzle game as we know it is a game of arranging pieces of the picture that will later become a complete picture. It also said that this game could increase intelligence for those who play it. Of course, it is also very beneficial, especially for children’s development.

For this reason, this time, I will explain about puzzle games in this article. Please refer to the full review below.

What is Puzzle

A puzzle is a game that played to arrange images, and images are randomized beforehand. So people who play it try to arrange it in the frame by connecting pieces or pieces of small images so that they become whole images.

Puzzle pieces generally made abstract so that the pieces of the picture are unique and help players make it easier to compile. From the shape and pieces of the Puzzle can be adjusted according to the wishes of players ranging from large and small pieces. Choice of puzzle pieces that are not too complicated is very suitable for the initial method of introducing this puzzle game, especially for children.

A puzzle is a game that requires patience and perseverance in arranging children. The Puzzle is a thin piece of 2-3 or even 4-6 pieces made of wood or cardboard plates. If children are accustomed to playing puzzles, children will gradually get used to being calm, determined, and patient in getting things done. The satisfaction that obtained when a child completes a puzzle is also one of the motives for children’s motivation to discover new things

History of Puzzle Development

The word puzzle itself comes from English, which means Puzzle or pairs of pairs. Whereas Puzzle in the Indonesian dictionary interpreted as guesses. Guess is a problem or Puzzle that given as entertainment that is usually written, or done. Many guesses are rooted in mathematical problems.

The first type of Puzzle formed was a jigsaw puzzle. In 1766 by John Spilsbury, a mapmaker, a jigsaw puzzle was created through his idea of ​​drawing a map on a piece of wood and cutting it into pieces according to the boundaries of his country.

This Puzzle was created to help in geography lessons for school children of that era. By compiling the pieces of the map puzzle, students will learn about the location, position, and geographic relations between each country.

John Spilsbury saw this as a business opportunity, then he produced and sold the map puzzle. The history of jigsaw puzzles until now follows the times. Machines for cutting Puzzle are now not just jigsaw machines, there are pound machines, scrollsaw machines, or use laser beams to cut the pieces of the Puzzle made. The patterns that made now are not just maps. There are lots of puzzles with interesting patterns and drawings that mostly found in educational toy stores.

Besides jigsaw puzzles, there are also other forms of puzzles like tangram. Tangram is a puzzle originating from China in 1815. In the literature entitled “The Eighth Book of Tan,” it is written that this game has existed since 4000 years ago by a god named Tan. The game contains 700 forms, and some of them are impossible to solve.

Since then until now, there have been many new types of puzzles. With the strangeness of ways and designs that might be impossible if seen, but it turns out the game that requires the ability of the brain can also be solved and played. Such as crossword puzzles, labyrinth puzzles, mechanical puzzles, logic puzzles, construction puzzles, combination puzzles, Rubik’s cube, and the latest are calculating puzzles.

Benefits of Playing Puzzles for Your Children’s Intelligence

April 26, 2019 Nicole 0

Puzzle or knockdown toy is an educational game that has existed since the 18th century.

Not without reason, this game still preferred by today’s generation. Various studies have shown that playing puzzle will stimulate both sides of the brain so that it can hone multiple brain functions.

In children, there are at least six benefits to be gained from playing puzzles.

  1. Train memory

Playing puzzles helps children understand and follow instructions step by step in achieving a goal. Puzzles also train memory when children try to recall pieces of images, patterns, or words that have been tried but do not match.

  1. Sharpen visuospatial skills

A study from the University of Chicago, United States, in 2011, found that toddlers who regularly play puzzles have better visuospatial skills, which are skills related to perception and spatial relationships. This is because of the ability to recognize and understand shapes, sizes, colors, and spaces sharpened through puzzles.

  1. Sharpen fine motor skills

When playing puzzles, children are asked to attach, move small or large pieces of pictures, circle letters or words, rotate knobs, or insert puzzle pieces into specific holes according to their shape.  All of these activities will hone excellent motor skills, which are very necessary to do daily activities. Developing these skills early on will make it easier for children to learn to write, draw, and play musical instruments.

  1. Practicing eye and hand coordination

Both pictorial puzzles, crosswords, learning shapes that are suitable or not suitable, all require coordination between eyes and hands. Through puzzle games, the ability to connect what is seen by the eye and how the hands respond to it will be honed.

  1. Practicing social skills

There are many types of puzzles that require working together with others to solve the complexity of the puzzle being played. This will encourage children to work and play together, both with parents and peers. Playing puzzles in groups will help children to understand what patience and cooperation mean, and learn to know their turn.

  1. Sharpen the ability to solve problems

Each puzzle has a clear goal to achieve. The goal can be a complete picture, successfully matching all shapes, or completing a crossword puzzle. When the child starts to play the puzzle, he will see that there are steps that need to be taken to solve it. From here, children learn to be able to solve the problems they face with creative thinking patterns.

Puzzles suitable for children

So, what kind of puzzle game is suitable for children? Puzzles are all types of games that have two main characteristics: designed to entertain the players, and there is a clear solution. To get the answer, you need the ability to think and strategies to solve problems.

So far, maybe all you know is a jigsaw puzzle, which is a puzzle that consists of small pieces put together into a whole picture. However, puzzles have a lot of variations, for example, Rubik’s cube, scrabble (a game of words), Sudoku (logic puzzles with numbers), crosswords, mathematical puzzles, or patterned puzzles.

For toddlers, you can start with a two-dimensional puzzle with large pieces or a block puzzle. When the child has entered school age, you can introduce it to the type of three-dimensional puzzle or other puzzle variations, as mentioned earlier.

In addition to supporting children’s development, playing puzzle is one of the fun ways to fill your quality time with your child. It’s okay if this becomes one of the favorite activities in the family. Also, the puzzle is easy to carry so that you and your little one can play anywhere and anytime. Have a nice play!